Featured Photo credit: © Konstantin Tkachenko/Marine Photobank
Cheilinus undulatus – Tangafa IUCN Red List of Species: Endangered
Other common names: Napoleon wrasse, Maori wrasse.
Family: Wrasses/Labridae Max length: 2 meters
Maximum Age: 25 males and 32 females Max weight: 190 kg/ 418lbs
Reproductive Maturity Age: 5 – 7 years
Idetified through their big thick lips and distinctive head shape, the Humphead wrasse is the largest of all the wrasse family. During their lifetime, the wrasse will change colour and even sex!
This is called “Protogynous Heraphrodites” where some females will become males!
They have specialised conical teeth are used to eat molluscs (cowrie shells/pule), crustaceans (crabs (Paka)/lobsters (‘Uo)), echinoderms (starfish) and other invertebrates. Adults may also feed upon the predatory Crown of Thorns (‘Alamea)!
One of the most beautiful and majestic fishes, is also a highly prized fish for consumption but also for the live aquarium trade in Hong Kong. Both of these have led to extreme overfishing of the species.
IUCN Red List: http://bit.ly/2tRG8Vw
World Wildlife Fund (WWF): http://bit.ly/2z8cwIJ